Monday, 18 February 2013

mujhe-malA merA-mAjhA मुझे-मला मेरा-माझा

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A Hindi person learning Marathi frequently get confused with Marathi words मला(malA) and माझा (mAjhA). Let us see few examples so that you will not have confusion.

"मुझे" in Hindi is "मला" in Marathi. And "मेरा" in Hindi is "माझा" in Marathi.
So do NOT CONFUSE that माझा is equivalent to मुझे :)

Examples :-

मुझे चाहिये ( mujhe chAhiye )
मला पाहिजे  ( malA pAhije  )


मुझे चाय चाहिये ( mujhe chAy chAhiye)
मला चहा पाहिजे ( malA chahA pAhije  )


मुझे जाना है  ( mujhe jAnA hai  )
मला जायचं आहे ( malA jAyachM Ahe )

Let us see uses of  माझा


मेरा कॉम्प्युटर ( merA "computer" )
माझा कॉम्प्युटर ( mAjhA "computer" )


मेरी मां ( merI mAM)
माझी आई ( mAjhI AI )


मेरा नाम ( merA nAm )
माझं नाव ( mAjhM nAv )

See the third example. of "मेरा नाम".
In Marathi we did not write "माझा नाव". Instead of  "माझा" we used "माझं".
This is because, In Marathi, there is third gender नपुसकलिंग. Like in English we have neuter gender. 
"नाव" in Marathi is of neuter gender. So we used different form.

Similar to "मुझे-मला" and "मेरा-माझा" we will use "तुझे-तुला" and "तेरा-तुझा"

तुझे क्या चाहिये  ( tujhe kyA chAhiye )
तुला काय पाहिजे  ( tulA kAy pAhije  )

तुझे मराठी आती है ( tujhe marAThI AtI hai )
तुला  मराठी येते  ( tulA  marAThI yete  )

तेरा कॉम्प्युटर ( terA computer )
तुझा कॉम्प्युटर ( tujhA computer )

तेरी मां ( terI mAM )
तुझी आई ( tujhI AI )

तेरा नाम ( terA nAm  )
तुझं नाव  ( tujhM nAv  )

Similarly there are forms of all Pronouns. I have listed them in below table. Try to prepare sentence using it.
Table indicating forms of "मुझे/तुझे" etc.


Pronoun in English
हिन्दी सर्वनाम
हिन्दी रूप
मराठी सर्वनाम
मराठी रूप
I
मै
मुझे
मी
मला
we
हम
हमे
आम्ही
आम्हाला
we ( listener including)
हम
हमे
आपण
आपल्याला
You (singular)
तू
तुझे
तू
तुला
You (plural)
तुम
तुम्हे
तुम्ही
तुम्हाला
He / That (male)
वह /वो
उसे
तो
त्याला
She /That (female)
वह /वो
उसे
ती
तीला
It /That (neuter)
वह /वो
उसे
ते
त्याला
They (Plural of He) /Those (m.)
वे
उन्हे
ते
त्यांना
They (Plural of She) /Those(f.)
वे
उन्हे
त्या
त्यांना
They (Plural of it) /Those (n.)
वे
उन्हे
ती
त्यांना
This(Male)
यह
इसे
हा
ह्याला
This(Female)
यह
इसे
ही
हीला
This(neuter)
यह
इसे
हे
ह्याला
These (male)
ये
इन्हे
हे
ह्यांना
These (female)
ये
इन्हे
ह्या
ह्यांना
These (neuter)
ये
इन्हे
ही
ह्यांना

Lets take similar example with proper noun. We will append ला or ना similar to above example.
For singular proper noun we will append ला

कौशिकको चाय चाहिये ( kaushikako chAy chAhiye ) 
कौशिकको in Hindi is कौशिकला in Marathi. 
So sentence will be :- कौशिकला चहा पाहिजे 

More examples :-

रणजीतको मराठी आती नही ( raNajItako marAThI AtI nahI  )
रणजीतला मराठी येत नाही  ( raNajItalA marAThI yet nAhI   )


पोस्टमनको बुलाओ  ( posTamanako bulAo )
पोस्टमनला बोलव (posTamanalA bolav  )

खुदको पहचानो  (khudako pahachAno)
स्वतःला ओळखा (svatHlA oLakhA)

For plural of proper noun we will append ना 

घोडोंको घास डालो ( ghoDoMko ghAs DAlo 
घोड्यांना चारा घाला ( ghoDyAMnA chArA ghAlA  ) 


बच्चोंको केक दो ( bachchoMko kek do ) 
मुलांना केक द्या (mulAMnA kek dyA )


ला or ना is appended to सामान्य रूप of noun. To know more about its grammar refer :- 


http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/working-with-nouns-prepositions.html

You may skip these grammar but keep a keen eye while reading Marathi to understand how these  सामान्य रूप are formed.

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsMPj3YOnSM





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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts discussing many aspects of grammar and Marathi language
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12 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. Hi Rajeev,
      Thanks. Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      Regards,
      Kaushik

      Delete
    2. Hi Rajeev, I would like to know more about your experience with my blog & videos and your feedabck. Can you please mail me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  2. Replies
    1. Thank you. Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      - Kaushik

      Delete
  3. Sir,
    Thanks. You do a great job. Tell me why it is माझं नाव BUT माझा कंप्यूटर--name and computer both being NEUTRAL.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Abhilaaj,
      In Marathi "computer" is masculine word.

      Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      - Kaushik

      Delete
  4. Superb. Thanks a lot.
    -Satyadev

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. hi satydev, thanks for your comment. are you learning marathi using my blog ?

      thanks,
      kaushik

      Delete
  5. Thankyou. This is very helpful

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are welcome. May I know your name please ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?
      - Kaushik

      Delete