Tuesday, 12 February 2013

Simple sentences with Pronouns ( सर्वनाम ) in Marathi

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Pronouns :-
Hindi has three genders Masculine i.e. पुल्लिंग  (pulliMg ) and Feminine i.e. स्त्रीलिंग  (strIliMg )

Marathi has three genders like English. Masculine i.e. पुल्लिंग  (pulliMg ) and Feminine i.e. स्त्रीलिंग  (strIliMg ) and neuter i.e. नपुसकलिंग (napusakaliMg)


English Pronoun
हिन्दी सर्वनाम
मराठी सर्वनाम
I
मै (nai)
मी (mI)
we
हम (ham)
आम्ही (AmhI)
we ( listener including)
हम (ham)
आपण (ApaN)
You (singular)
तू (tU)
तू (tU)
You (plural) 
तुम (tum)
तुम्ही (tumhI)
He / That (male)
वह /वो
(vah/vo)
तो (to)
She /That (female)
वह /वो
(vah/vo)
ती (tI)
It /That (neuter)
वह /वो
(vah/vo)
ते  (te)
They (Plural of He) /Those (m.)
वे (ve)
ते (te)
They (Plural of She) /Those(f.)
वे (ve)
त्या (tyA)
They (Plural of it) /Those (n.)
वे (ve)
ती (tI)
This(Male)
यह  (yah)
हा (hA)
This(Female)
यह  (yah)
ही (hI)
This(neuter)
यह  (yah)
हे (he)
These (male)
ये (ye)
हे (he)
These (female)
ये  (ye)
ह्या (hyA)
These (neuter)
ये (ye)
ही (hI)



Difference between आम्ही(AmhI) and आपण(ApaN)
आम्ही(AmhI) is used when listener is not included in referred group.
e.g if a boy went to a party with his family. Then he will tell his friend as
  We went to party  -> आम्ही "पार्टी"ला गेलो  ->  AmhI “party”lA gelo   
Here listeners i.e. friends are not included in the “we”

Same boy will tell to his family member
We went to party -> आपण "पार्टी"ला गेलो -> ApaN "party"lA gelo 
Here the listener  i.e. family member is included in “we”

So In Mumbaiyya Hindi people tend to use "आपन" which nothing but version of Marathi "आपण"

While speaking any language we tend to use short cuts of verb forms. Using such short forms is good to sound more like a native speaker.
In below examples wherever required I have given grammatically correct bookish sentence as well as sentence with short forms generally used in spoken language.

Bookish sentence is marked as (BO) and Spoken language sentence is marked as (SP)

Other pronouns :- 
In Hindi we say, अपना काम करो, खुदको पहचानो . For Hindi pronoun  स्वयं /ख़ुद/अपने आप (svayM/khud/apane Ap) Marathi pronoun is स्वतः (svtH)

******** Introduction to Pronounces using simple sentences *********

मुझे मराठी आती नही( mujhe marAThI AtI nahI )
मला मराठी येत नाही( malA marAThI yet nAhI )

मुझे मराठी थोडी थोडी आती है ( mujhe marAThI thoDI thoDI AtI hai  )
मला मराठी थोडी थोडी येते( malA marAThI thoDI thoDI yete )

मुझे मराठी सीखनी है ( mujhe marAThI sIkhanI hai  )
मला मराठी शिकायची आहे( malA marAThI shikAyachI Ahe )

तु कैसा है ?( tu kaisA hai ? )
तू कसा आहेस ?( tU kasA Ahes ? )

तु कैसी है ?( tu kaisI hai ? )
तू कशी आहेस ?( tU kashI Ahes ? )

आप कैसे हो ?( Ap kaise ho ? )
(पुरूष से ) तुम्ही कसे आहात ( (purUSh se ) tumhI kase AhAt  )
(स्त्री से ) तुम्ही कश्या आहात ( (strI se ) tumhI kashyA AhAt  )

मै ठीक हूं( mai ThIk hUM )
मी ठीक आहे( mI ThIk Ahe )

मै बढिया हूं( mai baDhiyA hUM )
मी मजेत आहे( mI majet Ahe )

मै भी बढिया हूं ( mai bhI baDhiyA hUM  )
मी पण मजेत आहे( mI paN majet Ahe )

क्या कर रहा है ?( kyA kar rahA hai ? )
काय करत आहेस ?( kAy karat Ahes ? )   (BO)
काय करतोयस ( kAy karatoyas  )          (SP)

क्या कर रही है ?( kyA kar rahI hai ? )
काय करत आहेस  ?( kAy karat Ahes ? ) (BO)
काय करतेयस ( kAy karateyas  )          (SP)

क्या कर रहे हो ( kyA kar rahe ho  )
काय करत आहात  ( kAy karat AhAt  )    (BO)
काय करतायत( kAy karatAyat )          (SP)

वो लडका अच्छा है ( vo laDakA achChA hai  )
तो मुलगा चांगला आहे( to mulagA chAMgalA Ahe )  (BO)
तो मुलगा चांगलाय( to mulagA chAMgalAy )          (SP)

वो लडकी अच्छी है ( vo laDakI achChI hai  )
ती मुलगी चांगली आहे.( tI mulagI chAMgalI Ahe. )  (BO)
ती मुलगी चांगलीये.( tI mulagI chAMgalIye. )         (SP)

वे लडके बोल रहे है( ve laDake bol rahe hai )
ती मुले बोलत आहेत( tI mule bolat Ahet )  (BO)
ती मुले बोलतायत( tI mule bolatAyat )      (SP)

Note :- If you thought Marathi sentence will be 
ते मुलगे बोलत आहेत(te mulage bolat Ahet) then your understanding is 100% correct. 
In Marathi there are two words.
मुलगा = Boy. It is of masculine gender and its plural is मुलगे.
So sentence will be 
Those boys are speaking -> ते मुलगे बोलत आहेत (te mulage bolat Ahet) 

There is another word मूल = Child. It is of neuter gender and its plural is मुले
Those children are speaking -> ती मुले बोलत आहेत

But in Marathi, we tend to use "ती मुले" instead of "ते मुलगे". This is just a default choice of a native speaker. So I have used it to sound it more natural. 


वे लडकिया बोल रही है( ve laDakiyA bol rahI hai )
त्या मुली बोलत आहेत( tyA mulI bolat Ahet )   (BO)
त्या मुली बोलतायत( tyA mulI bolatAyat )       (SP)

हम जा रहे है( ham jA rahe hai )
आम्ही जात आहोत( AmhI jAt Ahot )  (BO)
आम्ही जातोयत ( AmhI jAtoyat  )     (SP)

हम जा रहे है( ham jA rahe hai )
आपण जात आहोत( ApaN jAt Ahot )  (BO)
आपण जातोयत ( ApaN jAtoyat  )     (SP)

तुम लोग क्या कर रहे हो( tum log kyA kar rahe ho )
तुम्ही काय करत आहात ( tumhI kAy karat AhAt  )   (BO)
तुम्ही काय करतायत ( tumhI kAy karatAyat  )        (SP)

Listen this lesson online at 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wX42a0y3raQ



***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

22 comments:

  1. Very good examples. really helpful.Now I can tell guys in Marathi - mala marathi yet nahi., Hindi pryog kara .Hope very soon I start saying this : Mala martahi thodi thodi yete :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Vivek. Thanks for appreciation. I am happy that you found my blog useful. I would like to know more of your feedback and more about your Marathi leaning. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com.

      Delete
  2. मी पण मराठी सीखना शुरू करला / करत आहेस

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Welcome to world of Marathi. I hope my blog will provide some help.

      Delete
  3. thank u so much for giving so much information...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Vishal, You are welcome. I am happy that you found my blog useful. I would like to know more of your feedback and more about your Marathi leaning. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com.

      Delete
  4. Good platform for ....Marathi learning

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks jeeg arw you learning Marathi using my this blog ?

      Delete
  5. here are very good examples, really helpful

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Ravi, I am happy that you found it useful.

      I would like to discuss more about your Marathi learning and your feedback. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com ?

      Delete
  6. Hi
    Thanks for coming up with such a blog, finding it really helpful

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Gayatri, That is great to hear. I would like to interact to know more about your Marathi learning and your experience with my blog. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  7. I have a doubt if you may be kind enough to answer -
    It is said here that male(plural) is te. Then why is the sentence

    ti mule bolat aahet. shouldn't it be
    te mule bolat aahet??

    Thanks for you time and patience in making these lessons, these are helping me immensely. Much appreciated.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Your observation is correct. In Marathi there are two words.
      मुलगा = Boy. It is of masculine gender and its plural is मुलगे.
      So sentence will be
      Those boys are speaking -> ते मुलगे बोलत आहेत

      There is another word
      मूल = Child. It is of neuter gender and its plural is मुले
      Those children are speaking -> ती मुले बोलत आहेत

      But in Marathi, we tend to use "ती मुले" instead of "ते मुलगे". This is just a default choice of a native speaker. So I have used it to sound it more natural.

      Does this help ?


      I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and your experience with my blog. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik


      Delete
  8. It's really helpful to me, now I'm starting to learn about Marathi language

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Saket,
      Thanks for your comment. I was happy to know that you found the blog helpful.

      I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and experience of my blog. Can you plz mail me on LearnMarathiFast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  9. Hi Kaushik,
    Thanks for the Great blog.
    I have a Question: For Hindi, You(single) = तुम and You(plural) = आप .. technically You(plural) would be THEY, so You (plural) would be You with Respect, for elders.

    Isn't that right?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Mishar Ji,
      Thanks for your comment.

      Can you please refer these two lessons. They discuss the concept you have asked for. Let me know if it answers you.
      1) http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/02/using-plurals-to-indicate-respect.html
      2) http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/03/saying-tum-aap-in-marathi.html

      I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and experience of my blog. Can you plz mail me on LearnMarathiFast@gmail.com


      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
    2. बहुत बढ़िया... :)
      कौशिक जी इस blog के लिए आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद ,,,

      Delete
  10. Good blog !! I was trying to learn marathi and I got here !! Very much similar to Hindi and other local dielects of North India !! I want people to help non-marathis to learn this language instead of being aggressive against Hindi language !! I appreciate your pious contribution to this language!! Hope I will be able to learn it in a month or two !!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks a lot for appreciation.
      Yes knowing Hindi is big advantage while learning Marathi.

      I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and experience of my blog. It will be easy to interact on email. Can you plz mail me on LearnMarathiFast@gmail.com


      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete