Thursday, 14 March 2013

chaleM jAyeM kareM चलें जायें करें type Questions

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Suppose we want to call our friends for some action , we will say
"चलो क्रिकेट खेलें"( chalo krikeT kheleM ), "चलो, सिनेमा देखें" ( chalo, sinemA dekheM ) ,"आज गणित पढें क्या ?" ( Aj gaNit paDheM kyA ? ) etc. 

These sentences are said in Marathi as follows :- 
चलो क्रिकेट खेलें chalo krikeT kheleM )

चला क्रिकेट खेळूया  ( chalA krikeT kheLUyA  )

चलो, सिनेमा देखें  ( chalo, sinemA dekheM ) 
चला सिनेमा बघूया ( chalA sinemA baghUyA )

चलो घर जाते हैं ( chalo ghar jAte haiM )
चला घरी जाऊया  ( chalA gharI jAUyA  )

खाना खाते हैं ( khAnA khAte haiM )
जेवूया  ( jevUyA   )

Negative sentences are said as follows :-
आज क्रिकेट नही खेलतें Aj nahI khelateM )
आज क्रिकेट नको खेळूया  ( Aj krikeT nako kheLUyA  )

सिनेमा नही देखतें( sinemA nahI dekhateM) 
सिनेमा नको बघूया ( chalA sinemA nako baghUyA )

घर नही जाते ( ghar nahI jAte  )
घरी नको जाऊया  ( gharI nako jAUyA  )

खाना नही खाते ( khAnA nahI khAte )
नको जेवूया  ( nako jevUyA   )


Questions can be asked in two ways in Marathi, as shown below     


    क्रिकेट खेलें क्या  ? ( chalo krikeT kheleM kyA )
1) क्रिकेट खेळूया का ?  ( chalA krikeT kheLUyA  )
2) क्रिकेट खेळायाचे का ?  ( krikeT kheLAyAche kA  )

    सिनेमा देखें क्या ? ( chalo, sinemA dekheM kyA 

1) सिनेमा बघूया का ? ( chalA sinemA baghUyA )
2) सिनेमा बघायचा का ? ( sinemA baghAyachA kA )

    घर जाते हैं क्या  ?( chalo ghar jAte haiM kyA )
1) घरी जाऊया का ? ( chalA gharI jAUyA  )
2) घरी जायचे का? ( gharI jAyache kA? )

    आम खायें क्या ( Am khAyeM kyA )
1) आंबा खाऊया का? ( AMbA khAUyA kA? ) 
2) आंबा खायचा का? ( AMbA khAyachA kA? )

    इमली खायें क्या ? ( imalI khAyeM kyA )
1) चिंच खाऊया का ? ( chiMch khAUyA kA )
2) चिंच खायची का ? ( chiMch khAyachI kA )

Grammar insight :- 
In Marathi such form is created by suffixing “ऊया” (UyA)  to verb. e.g. Verb is "खेळ". Its form is "खेळूया" ( kheLUyA )Verb is "बोल". Its form is  बोलूया ( bolUyA  )

Second form used in questions was created by suffixing form of “आयचा” (AyachA)  to verb. Depending on the gender and multiplicity of noun required form is suffixed. Forms are आयचा-आयची-आयचे-आयचे-आयच्या-आयची ( AyachA-AyachI-Ayache-Ayache-AyachyA-AyachI ). 
e.g. Verb is "खा".  For पुल्लिंग-एकवचन नाम  "आंबा" we will say "आंबा खायचा"For स्त्रीलिंग-एकवचन नाम  "चिंच " we will say "चिंच खायची"

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h1O2ujpYw20



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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