Friday, 15 March 2013

If-Then sentences in Marathi अगर-तो जर-तर-etc.

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In Hindi we say sentences like "अगर तुम आते तो मै भी आता", "अगर वह बोलता तो तूने किया होता".
The pair "अगर-तो" ( agar-to) in Hindi is "जर-तर" ( jar-tar) .

1) "अगर-तो" ( agar-to) statements for indicating past actions

For details of the grammar rules refer first part of the lesson 
Sentence using "If-Then"

The sentence structure is same as in Hindi. You can observe it in below examples. 

उसने दरवाजा खोला होता तो मैने देखा होता ( usane daravAjA kholA hotA to maine dekhA hotA  )
त्याने दरवाजा उघडला असता तर मी बघितले असते (tyAne daravAjA ughaDalA asatA tar mI baghitale asate ) 

अगर तू जाता तो मै भी जाता ( agar tU jAtA to mai bhI jAtA  )
जर तू गेला असतास तर मी पण गेलो असतो (jar tU gelA asatAs tar mI paN gelo asato ) 

अगर उसने सच कहा होता तो हमने उसे छोडा होता ( agar usane sach kahA hotA to hamane use ChoDA hotA )
जर त्याने खरे सांगितले असते तर आम्ही त्याला सोडले असते ( jar tyAne khare sAMgitale asate tar AmhI tyAlA soDale asate ) 


2) "अगर-तो" ( agar-to) statements for indicating future actions
IF-then statements are also used to indicate future actions.

For details of the grammar rules refer second part of the lesson 
Sentence using "If-Then"

The sentence structure is same as in Hindi. You can observe it in below examples. 

अगर तू जायेगा तो मै भी जाऊंगा ( agar tU jAyegA to mai bhI jAUMgA ) 
जर तू गेलास तर मी पण जाईन ( jar tU gelAs tar mI paN jAIn )

उसने दरवाजा खोला तो मै देखुंगा ( usane daravAjA kholA to mai dekhuMgA ) 
त्याने दरवाजा उघडला तर मी बघेन ( tyAne daravAjA ughaDalA tar mI baghen ) 

अगर वह सच कहेगा तो हम उसे छोडेंगे  (agar vah sach kahegA to ham use ChoDeMge ) 
जर त्याने खरे सांगितले तर आम्ही त्याला सोडू ( jar tyAne khare sAMgitale tar AmhI tyAlA soDU  ) 

In Hindi same sentences can be said by using "present tense" in condition part. But its Marathi translation will remain same. 



अगर तू जाता है तो मै भी जाऊंगा ( agar tU jAtA hai to mai bhI jAUMgA ) 
जर तू गेलास तर मी पण जाईन ( jar tU gelAs tar mI paN jAIn ) 

अगर वह दरवाजा खोलता है तो मै देखुंगा ( agar vah daravAjA kholatA hai to mai dekhuMgA ) 
त्याने दरवाजा उघडला तर मी बघेन ( tyAne daravAjA ughaDalA tar mI baghen ) 

अगर वह सच कहता है तो हम उसे छोडेंगे  ( agar vah sach kahatA hai to ham use ChoDeMge  ) 
जर त्याने खरे सांगितले तर आम्ही त्याला सोडू ( jar tyAne khare sAMgitale tar AmhI tyAlA soDU  ) 



Listen examples online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ETCyyGUubBI



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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2 comments:

  1. I was a bit confused with the Marathi grammar comparing that to Hindi grammar totally. Sorry for that and now i have understood that Marathi has it's own grammar rules apart from Hindi. Much of it are similar and there are differences. Thanks for all your efforts in explaining that to me and i have removed the comments.

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    Replies
    1. No problem. It is natural to compare the language structure and relate to it.
      I am happy to see that you are taking so much effort to understand every concept in detail.
      Keep it up. Keep asking, keep improving.

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

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