Thursday, 14 March 2013

karatA thA bolate the मै करता था तुम बोलते थे type sentences

***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

In Hindi we say sentences like  "मै करता था","तुम बोलते थे" to indicate repetitive events.Similar sentences are said in Marathi as follows :-

मै करता था  ( mai karatA thA  )
मी करायचो  ( mI karAyacho )


वह लडकी बोलती थी ( vah laDakI bolatI thI  )
ती मुलगी बोलायची (tI mulagI bolAyachI ) 

वह लडका रोज नाचता था ( vah laDakA roj nAchatA thA  ) 
तो मुलगा रोज नाचायचा ( to mulagA roj nAchAyachA  )

वे लडके आम खाते थे  ( ve laDake Am khAte the  
ते मुलगे आंबे खायचे  ( te mulage AMbe khAyache  ) 

वो वहा होता था ( vo vahA hotA thA  ) 
तो तिकडे असायचा (to tikaDe asAyachA)

वो शांत रहती थी ( vo shAMt rahatI thI  ) 
ती शांत असायची (tI shAMt asAyachI )

Grammar insight.
As you can see, in Marathi the verb is suffixed with form of आयचा ( AyachA ) depending on Gender and multiplicity of Karta. 
For details of form , refer 
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/sentence-using-used-to-phrase.html


Similarly in present tense we say,
"मै बोलते रहता हूं", "वह कहते रहता है"

In Marathi they are said as follows :-
वह नाचते रहता  है ( vah nAchate rahatA  hai  ) 
तो नाचत असतो  (to nAchat asato )

वह बोलती रहती है ( wah bolatI rahatI hai  ) 

ती बोलत असते ( tI bolat asate )



वे लडकिया हसती रहती है ( ve laDakiyA hasatI rahatI hai)
त्या मुली हसत असतात  ( tyA mulI hasat asatAt )



मै वहा होता/रहता हूं ( mai vahA hotA/rahatA hUM )
मी तिकडे असतो (mI tikaDe asato )

वह शांत रहती है ( vah shAMt rahatI hai  )
ती शांत असते  (tI shAMt asate   ) 


Grammar insight.

In Marathi sentence structure  is
कर्ता  क्रियापद +(t)          form of of असणे(“asaNe”)

The form of असणे(“asaNe”) depends as per Gender and multiplicity of Karta. To know the details of form refer second half of 
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/sentence-using-used-to-phrase.html




Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASdZ-os3jfQ


***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

No comments:

Post a Comment