Thursday, 25 April 2013

To force to do some action-बुलवाऊंगा-करवाएगा-हसवाया-bulavAUMgA-karavAegA -hasavAyA

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A Hindi speaking police may say about a thief
मै उससे सच बुलवाऊंगा(mai usase sach bulavAUMgA).
A servant may complain about his master as  वह मेरेसे काम करवाएगा (vah merese kAm karavAegA ) 

So here one person is forcing other person to take some action. 
In English we use sentences like "I will make him work", "That joke made him laugh" etc.

In Marathi such senteces are said as  मी करायला लावीन ( mI karAyalA lAvIn ), मी बोलायला लावीनmI bolAyalA lAvIn ). etc.

Sentence structure is

Subject i.e. कर्ता(kartA )
Object or noun with preposition “To”
Verb+आयला (AyalA)
Verb form of  लावणे(lAvaNe) as per tense
मी (mI)

त्याला (tyAlA)
बोलायला(bolAyalA)
लावीन(lAvIn)


Needless to say, Form of लावणे (lAvaNe) follows the general rules of sentence formation. i.e. 
For present and future tense the form of  is as per subject i.e. कर्ता 
For past tense the form of लावणे (lAvaNe) is as per noun i.e. कर्म 
For past tense अकर्मक verb ( i.e. the verb that does not require noun) form will be लावले ( lAvale )
etc.

Examples :- 
मै उससे बुलवाता हूं ( 
mai usase bulavAtA hUM )
मी त्याला बोलायला लावतो ( mI tyAlA bolAyalA lAvato )

मै उससे बुलवाऊंगा (
mai usase bulavAUMgA )
मी त्याला बोलायला लावीन ( mI tyAlA bolAyalA lAvIn )

मैने उससे बुलवाया(maine usase bulavAyA)
मी त्याला बोलायला लावले ( mI tyAlA bolAyalA lAvale)

उसने मेरेसे काम करवाया (usane merese kAm karavAyA )
त्याने मला काम करायला लावले (tyAne malA kAm karAyalA lAvale)

वह मेरेसे काम करवाता है ( vah  merese kAm karavAtA hai )
तो मला काम करायला लावतो (to malA kAm karAyalA lAvato )

वह मेरेसे काम करवायेगा ( vah  merese kAm karavAyegA )
तो मला काम करायला लावेल ( to malA kAm karAyalA lAvel )

उस चुटकुलेने मुझे हसवाया ( us chuTakulene mujhe hasavAyA )
त्या विनोदाने मला हसायला लावले (tyA vinodAne malA hasAyalA lAvale)


अमरने राम को करेला खानेपे मजबूर किया (amarane rAm ko karelA khAnepe majabUr kiyA )
अमरने रामला कारले खायला लावले ( amarane rAmalA kArale khAyalA lAvale )


Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xjO3vF_5cU


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.

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