Friday, 10 April 2015

Detailed Testimonial from Matthew Chang

Matthew Chang is Chinese-American youngster who has very successfully learned Marathi language. 

His success is praise worthy considering - he has no Marathi or even Indian family background, he is very far from Marathi land, there are not many people around him to talk Marathi, limited online resources available (e.g. dictionaries and auto-translation), it was not academic/ business necessity !!

Credit goes to his self-study, perseverance and zeal to learn every minute grammatical details. I am happy that I could help him a little through my blog. I had asked him to write a testimonial about my blog and he is generous to write a very detailed testimonial. I have mentioned excerpts in testimonial page but it is worth sharing in full. Testimonial will also guide new learners. 

Watch Mathew speak Marathi


Testimonial from Matthew Chang :-

When I was learning French in school, I sometimes complained about the language’s difficulty, but if you think about it, help is literally at the fingertips of the French student. At least in America, countless institutions offer French as a foreign language option, and one can easily find “101 French Verbs” and French-English dictionaries at the local bookstore. Forget Rosetta Stone; french.about.com and Word Reference are completely free online resources for learning French.
The Marathi learner, on the other hand, is not so lucky. As I see it, learners of Indian languages face a new level of difficulty. There’s little foreign demand for learning Indian languages, and consequently there’s a lack of resources. There are some books, but in my experience, many books ultimately do a haphazard job in explaining the language’s structure. In this context of poor quantity and quality, Mr. Lele’s blog is an anomaly: an extremely detailed, precise, and resourceful guide for learning a beautiful language which is not so often studied by foreigners. Here are my top reasons why:

1. Grammar
Some people don’t like it, but unless you have consistent exposure that allows you to eventually “pick up” the details, you have to learn grammar. As Kaushik says, “many language learning programs shower the student with list of full sentences. This looks good first, but it does not teach how to prepare sentence. So thou you know 100 sentences, you are helpless to create 101st sentence yourself.” Most of the pages on the blog are actually more like excerpts from a grammar book. Marathi noun declension, verb conjugation, and sentence structure are elucidated in meticulous detail, and numerous example sentences are given. Tables are provided when needed. Yet, the prose is not so technical as to completely stump those who are not grammar buffs and linguistics majors.

2. Script and Transliteration
Reading the language is just as important as speaking. A tutorial on the Devanagari script is provided as one of the very first lessons. Some people think that writing Indian languages in Roman script has become more fashionable. Perhaps. I follow Loksatta on Facebook, and I see people typing comments in देवनागरी all the time.  But even if you aren’t comfortable with the script, Kaushik provides English transliterations (eg. “mI tujhyAvar prem karato”) on almost every page.

3. Audio
Perhaps the primary reason for choosing the blog over a physical book: I get practice listening to Marathi. Kaushik actually records himself speaking the sentences in nearly every lesson. The videos are publicly available on YouTube.

4. Conversations, Culture, and Colloquialisms
Simple conversations on an array of everyday situations are provided. Furthermore, such conversations are not created in a cultural void; they are created in the context of daily life in Maharashtra. This means including auto rickshaws, police officers, and software engineers. Cultural references are also explained when appropriate. Formal Marathi is also different from colloquial Marathi, and such differences are delineated even at the grammatical level when appropriate. I like how Kaushik included a list of exclamations including छे and अरे बापरे!

5. Learn Marathi through Hindi
It simply makes more sense to learn a language from a sister language. In many places, the Learn Marathi through Hindi blog presents Marathi words and sentences side by side with their Hindi equivalents. Interestingly, I have a Marathi friend who is learning Hindi. He used the blog in reverse; he learned Hindi through Marathi by comparing the sentences in the Learn Marathi through Hindi blog. That reminds me. In reality most learners of Marathi are not going to be Americans and Brits but other Indians. Time and again, Maharashtrian politicians have insisted that migrants from the Hindi belt learn the local language. In theory, if provided with this blog as a resource for learning, Hindi speakers can learn a foreign language through their mother tongue rather than through another foreign language.

6. Other Resources
It doesn’t just stop with the blog. Kaushik is also there to help! In my experience, Kaushik has been very willing to answer questions and explain when someone is confused. The blog is an ongoing project, and Kaushik has created and revised some parts of the blog as a result of my questions. Furthermore, there’s a Facebook blog (with Kaushik as the admin) for learning Marathi! Ask and you shall receive.

I’ll be honest. I’ve been learning Hindi for several years now, and at some point I decided to start on another Indian language. I wanted to learn Punjabi, but I was dismayed at the lack of resources and the quality of the few resources I found. I stumbled across Kaushik Lele’s blog and started to read it. I’ve stuck with Marathi ever since. For me, the presence of quality resources in language learning makes all the difference.

Thursday, 9 April 2015

List of all lessons. Contents. Index

Welcome to Learn Marathi from Hindi
Difference in Hindi and Marathi pronunciation
Simple sentences with Pronouns ( सर्वनाम ) in Marathi
Using plurals to indicate respect आदरार्थी बहुवचन (AdarArthI bahuvachan )
Saying tum aap in Marathi तू-तुम-आप तू-तुम्ही
Present Tense वर्तमान काळ
mujhe-malA merA-mAjhA मुझे-मला मेरा-माझा
merA-terA-usakA मेरा-तेरा-उसका
Preposition-अव्यय. ऊपर-बाद-बिना-साथ . etc.
Cases in Marathi. विभक्ति Vibhakti and विभक्तिप्रत्यय vibhaktiprtatyay in Marathi
Past Tense - भूतकाळ
Commands Imperative Statement - आज्ञार्थी वाक्य
Future Tense - भविष्यकाळ
Forms of verb To Be होना-हूं-था-होऊंगा-है-होगा etc.
Past/Present/Future Perfect tense in Marathi पूर्ण भूत/वर्तमान/भविष्य काळ
Past Perfect Tense - Second Style
Asking Question in Marathi.मराठी प्रश्न
Negative Sentences in Marathi ना कहना
jAnevAlA hUM karanewAlA hai जानेवाला हूं करनेवाला है
Time related words in Marathi आज कल परसो अभी सुबह etc.
chaleM jAyeM kareM चलें जायें करें type Questions
bolane do karane do बोलने दो करने दो type sentences
karatA thA bolate the मै करता था तुम बोलते थे type sentences
mai bol sakatA hUM nahI bol sakatA hUM मै बोल सकता हूं नही बोल सकता हूं etc
If-Then sentences in Marathi अगर-तो जर-तर-etc.
Frequently Used Marathi Verbs मराठी क्रियापद Part-1
Frequently Used Marathi Verbs मराठी क्रियापद Part-2
Frequently Used Marathi Verbs मराठी क्रियापद Part-3
Frequently Used Marathi Verbs मराठी क्रियापद Part-4
Prepositions with verbs in Marathi
Form of verbs (declensions) - miscellaneous
Saying pasaMd hai पसंद है in Marathi
samajhanA patA chalanA समझना पता चलना
Comparison in Marathi तुलना tulanA
जाना चाहिये करना चहिये jAnA chAhiye karanA chahiye etc Should in Marathi
Adjectives in Marathi मराठी विशेषण
Marathi-Adjectives-from-verb-क्रियापदसे-मराठी-विशेषण
To want-मुझे-चाहिये-नहीं-चाहिये-mujhe-chAhiye-nahIM-chAhiye-etc.
Connect two sentences जब-तब जो-वो जहां-वहा jab-tab jo-vo jahAM-vahA etc.
"To Want" with other verbs जाना है,करना है,नही खाना है-jAnA hai-karanA hai-nahI khAne hai etc.
To force to do some action-बुलवाऊंगा-करवाएगा-हसवाया-bulavAUMgA-karavAegA -hasavAyA
Exceptional Verbs in Marathi which change in past tense form
Numbers in Marathi-मराठी अंक
To indicate uncertainty-शायद जाऊंगा-शायद करूंगा-shAyad jAUMgA shAyad karUMgA
Saying have to-करना पडेगा-जाना पडेगा-karana paDegA jAnA paDegA etc.
Taking permission-May-I-क्या मैं अन्दर आऊं-kyA maiM andar AUM
Express wish in Marathi इच्छा आशिर्वाद
Exclamations in Hindi and Marathi
To emphasize using-च(ch)-in Marathi-मैने ही-तूने ही maine hI-tUne hI etc.
Generalizing words - somewhere somehow anything anybody etc.तरी(tarI) -ही(hI)
To ask meaning इसका मतलब क्या-isakA matalab kyA
मेरे पास है. मुझे दो भाई है. mere pAs hai.mujhe do bhAI hai. To Indicate possession and relation
Using "To Feel" & "To think" सोचना - लगना in Marathi
Conjunction in Marathi उभयान्वयी अव्यय - Part 1 - और,लेकिन,फिर भी,क्योंकी ,इसलिये,कि aur,lekin,phir bhI,kyoMkI,isaliye,ki
Conjunction in Marathi उभयान्वयी अव्यय - Part 2 - जैसा,या,अगर-तो,बादमें,फिर,जब तक-तब तक jaisA,yA,agar-to,phir,jab tak-tab tak
Conjunction in Marathi उभयान्वयी अव्यय - Part 3 जैसे ही,तब,के बजाय,ताकी,जबकि,नही तो,भी jaise hI ,tab,ke bajAy,tAkI,jabaki,nahi to,bhI
Active Passive voice कर्तरी प्रयोग कर्मणी प्रयोग भावे प्रयोग kartarI prayog karmaNI prayog bhAve prayog
नाम लिंग वचन Nouns Gender and plurals
“To keep doing” करते रहना, बोलते रहना - karate rahanA, bolate rahanA
To Know पता होना patA honA e.g. नाम पता है nAm patA hai
List of conjunctions उभयान्वयी अव्यय in Marathi
Relations in Marathi मराठीमें रिश्तोंके नाम marAThImeM rishtoMke nAm
List of adjectives in Marathi मराठी विशेषण की सूची
Adverbs in Marathi मराठी क्रियाविशेषण marAThI kriyAvisheShaN
List of adverbs in Marathi मराठी क्रियाविशेषण सूची marAThI kriyAvisheShaN sUchI
Calling someone in Marathi मराठीमें किसीको बुलाना marAThImeM kisIko bulAnA
List of body parts in Marathi मराठी में शरीर के अवयवोंके नाम marAThI meM sharIr ke avayavoMke nAm
Abuse-cursing-swear-words in Marathi मराठी गालिया मराठी शिव्या
List of names of Animals मराठी में प्राणियोंके नाम
List of names of birds in Marathi मराठी में पक्षीयोंके नाम
List of names of insects in Marathi मराठी में कीटों के नाम
List of name of colours in Marathi मराठी में रंगों के नाम
List of names of flowers in Marathi मराठी में फूलोंके नाम
Frequently used or common words in Marathi - Miscellaneous मराठी शब्दों की सूची
List of vegetable names मराठी में सब्जियोंके नाम
List of names of fruits in Marathi मराठी में फलों के नाम
Short forms in spoken Marathi मराठी बोली भाषा का प्रयोग marAThI bolI bhAShA kA prayog
Greeting,Wishes,Blessings,Slogans in Marathi - मराठीमें शुभकामनाएं/आशिर्वाद/नारे marAThImeM shubhakAmanAeM/AshirvAd/nAre
Tips to Learn Marathi मराठी भाषा सिखनेके नुस्खे marAThI bhAShA sikhaneke nuskhe
Marathi Conversation - Asking address in Marathi मराठी में पता पूछना marAThI meM patA pUChanA
Marathi conversation - Grocery shop मराठी संभाषण - किराना दुकान में
Marathi Conversation - with Auto Rickshaw Driver रिक्षा/ऑटो वाले के साथ बात rikShA/auTo vAle ke sAth bAt
Marathi conversation-with traffic police मराठी संभाषण ट्रॅफिक पुलिस के साथ
Marathi Conversation - Doctor-Patient डॉक्टर और मरीज की बात Doctor aur marIj kI bAt
Marathi Conversation - Teacher Student शिक्षक-विद्यार्थी संभाषण
Marathi Conversation- Phone टेलिफोन पर संभाषण
Marathi Conversation - Computer engineer कॉंप्युटर इंजिनिअर संभाषण
Marathi Conversation - in Hotel मराठी संभाषण - होटल में
Simple Marathi Sentences - Where/Place Related जगह संबन्धी मराठी वाक्य
Simple Marathi Sentences-Weather related मौसम संबन्धी वाक्य
Simple Marathi sentences-Time related समय संबन्धी वाक्य
Simple Marathi sentences-Introduction/Salutation परिचय/स्वागत संबन्धी वाक्य
Simple Marathi conversation-Vegetable Market सब्जी मंडी में मराठी संभाषण
Marathi Conversation-at bus stop and in bus बस स्टॉप और बस में मराठी संभाषण
I Love you In Marathi. Saying मै तुमसे प्यार करता हूं in Marathi
Interview in Marathi मराठी में इंटरव्ह्यू
Simple Marathi conversation-with Servant or Housemaid नौकरानी के साथ मराठी संभाषण
मराठी मुहावरे Idioms and Phrases in Marathi / different sentence formation in Marathi
“Marathi Dictionary for Learners” website and Android app on Gogle Play.